As many of you know, Hagia Sophia was once a Bizantine church. It was converted to a Mosque by Sultan Mehmed II and nowadays it is a museum.
Most of the Christian features were removed but many others are still there, together with some pagan symbols that we can often find in churches. This is because Christians have adopted and converted pagan symbols since the early times of its expansion.
The trident and the dolphins (on the right) are related to the God Neptune (or Poseidon in Greek) and the dolphins are always associated to this God as well as to the legend of Atlantis.
On the main gate there are embossed columns, indicating the entrance to the temple.
The iconography of Virgin Mary and Jesus come from the ancient Egyptian tradition: they are in fact the representation of Goddess Isis and Horus. The halo refers to the God Sun (Ra in ancient Egyptian mythology).
In the Pagan rituals, the altar was (is) used for offers to the Deities. This is something that Christianity has adopted for its worship.
Another representation of tridents and dolphins, indicating some form of worship to Neptune/Poseidon and a reference to Atlantis.
On the upper gallery of Hagia Sophia you can find numerous crosses (the lateral parts were deleted by the Muslims) with the lower (round) part still indicating the symbol of Mother Goddess.
Just on the side of the ceremony place, the red circle in the decorations refers to the Sun or Solar Disc (Ra, in the Egyptian mythology).
On each column on the upper gallery there is a capital with monograms. This one in particular is unique – it represents the Ankh (the Egyptian key of life) and a Freemasonry symbol. Who put these symbols up there? It’s a mystery.
The so called “wish column” features a hole where people stick their inch and rotate their hand. If the hands does a complete circle, this will bring good luck. The hole is in fact indicating the Mecca, but the luck concept is typically pagan.
Interesting, huh? Next time you visit a church, make sure you keep an eye on the pagan symbols!
Very interesting. We’ve been to Aya Sofya twice and I thought I was quite well versed in most things Aya Sofya. Obviously not. Always something new to learn. :)